e世博体育

“大蒜华尔街”的前世今生

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□ Our reporter Jiang Guole Wang Haoqi correspondent Wang Wei Li Yong

On June 25, the 72-year-old branch secretary Han Yunqi of Cuikou Village, Yushan Street, Jinxiang County, Jining City, looked at the row of villas in the village and pointed to the old photos of the adobe house at home. He said with emotion: “Think of the year Days, look at the present life, really like dreams!"

Cuikou Village in the late 1970s was one of the two villages in the county to eat relief food. In order to get out of poverty, the village cut off wheat, replanted garlic, expanded the market, and processed it. It continued to encounter difficulties and constantly overcome difficulties and developed into today's "China's first garlic village." The annual income of the village collective economy has exceeded 10 million yuan, and the per capita income of the villagers is 46,000 yuan.

"If you don't change your mind, you will never eat meat."

On May 17th, the China Garlic Industry Expo opened in 2019. On the afternoon of the Jinxiang Garlic “online and offline” production and sales matchmaking meeting, Jinxiang County garlic enterprises and customers from all over the country signed a sales cooperation of 580,000 tons of garlic. protocol. "World garlic sees China, Chinese garlic sees Jinxiang", as the first village in Jinxiang to grow garlic, 40 years ago, Cuikou was still promoting planting.

After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, rural areas across the country are trying to invigorate the economy. In 1982, Han Yunqi, who was then secretary of the Party branch of Cuikou Village, placed his way to become rich in garlic with high price and good efficiency, and determined to lead everyone to grow garlic on a large scale. Cuikou people are hungry, and the villagers prefer to grow less wheat than to risk garlic.

xx“我还欠这位老秘书100元钱。” 5月22日晚餐后,一位66岁的村民赵芳斌在村里的杏树上冷却下来,回忆起30多年前的那个夜晚。那时候,韩云琪发起了党员干部。除了率先种植大蒜外,每个人都要打包几个家庭做思想工作。作为第一批响应大蒜种植的村民,赵方斌用4亩自己的5亩土地种植大蒜。对于剩下的1亩土地,他真的没有钱购买大蒜,他计划种植小麦。 “记得我在同一天瞧不起荞麦。突然间,我被一辆车挡住了。我抬头看了看韩云琪的书。他说,'如果你不改变主意,你可以从不吃肉。种植大蒜是我们村里致富的新方式。作为党员,我们应该为年轻人和老年人带来好头!“赵方斌回忆说,那天晚上他吃过晚饭,韩允琪给他送了100元大蒜钱,让他种下了最后1亩的土地。

在党员和干部的带动下,Cu口村的大蒜出来了,1亩大蒜的产量高于3亩小麦! 1983年,该村在滕县(今滕州市)白马山试验场引入了无尘。大蒜与当地的“四,六瓣”混合,形成了今天的金乡杂交大蒜,产量1亩相当于原来的3亩。村民们尝到了甜头,种植面积迅速扩大。到1986年,几乎所有村庄的土地都种植了大蒜。

致富的消息已经传承了十年,周围的人们去了Cu口村买大蒜和种植大蒜。五六年后,翠口村的第500亩大蒜引发了全县种植70万亩大蒜,带动了超过200万亩的种植。

“大蒜华尔街”影响全球大蒜价格波动

On June 25th, the garlic market on both sides of the South Provincial Road 346 in Cuikou Village was extremely hot. The rows of vehicles filled with garlic were arranged neatly and orderly. The license plates of the whole country, such as Su, Lu, Yu, Yu, Jin, and Anhui, should be All the people with different accents gather here to talk about bargaining and predict the trend. Han Yong, Party Secretary of Cui Kou Village, said: "The price agreed here affects the fluctuation of global garlic prices."

The reporter followed the villager Han Zhaoyu into the cold storage of the garlic. The temperature was as low as 0 °C, and the cold came, and the knees were soft. In the 1990s, because the normal storage time of garlic was only 3 months, the price of garlic was once “snapped” by the garlic trader to 0.1 yuan/kg. Many villagers simply poured the hard-grown garlic into the ditch. In order to solve this problem, the village has set up a refrigeration, purchase and sale company, to attract electricity, water, access, three-year rent-free "three links and one exemption" measures to attract cold storage. Garlic is put into the cold storage after harvest, and can be sold all year round, allowing the villagers to win the initiative in price.

In the same year, the garlic planting area expanded rapidly, and sales became the biggest problem. Cuikou people selling garlic should "see people's faces." After the gate of the villager Han Jinliang’s house, there has been a row of cars, and the boards have been decayed. "I moved three times in these years and I have been reluctant to throw it away." Laohan said, "I was pulling it around and selling garlic. In order to sell a good price, the villagers braided the garlic or hanged on the bicycle. Or squatting on the ground, you can only sell a hundred kilograms for a few dozen kilometers."

xx“最好留在村里'追赶'而不是留在村里。如果你想赢得价格主动权,你必须把市场带到村里。”韩云琪说。他安排村里的党员和村代表到老公交车站附近的大蒜市场去找摊位,敲酒店房间,敲门酒店,集团在全国销售,通过低成本的利润和诚信经营,吸引客户和客户到Cu口村。 “当时没有移动电话。每年都有大蒜来,县邮电局已经满员,所有人都排队打电话联系商家。”赵方斌回忆说,如果收购摊位生意好,就会有人会毫不犹豫地租一辆车来追逐大蒜背后的车。总是追逐目的地,只是为了看到主人,我想要一张名片。 1990年以后,村民们转向商人,成为商人寻找崔口。省道346号以南的村庄两侧成为金乡县最早的大蒜市场,被称为“大蒜壁街”。

深加工延伸了产业链,大蒜成为“植物黄金”

市场的激烈竞争迫使Cu口村的村民不断寻求新的方式。他们通过深加工扩大了大蒜产业链,使更多普通人“连锁”致富。

5月22日下午,山东玉宝食品有限公司的加工车间,从机器上取出直径五六厘米的大蒜后,一些成了1毫米厚的大蒜块,有的被压成大蒜规格为80-120目的碎片或120目以上的大蒜粉。在另一个无菌工作室,厨师用进口棕榈油烹饪炒大蒜和炒大蒜。油在爆裂时改变一次,时间误差小于1秒。该产品主要出口日本和韩国进行烹饪。每吨的价格超过40,000美元,附加值至少是10倍。来自Cu口村的41岁村民赵志强是该公司的负责人。五年前,他从事粗糙加工大蒜,秸秆,稻壳和果壳。由于技术含量低,加工厂类似,产品同质化。让公司的发展奋斗。大蒜深加工使其产品供不应求。

金乡县大蒜科技研究中心主任周桂芝团队正在从金字塔底部向顶点进行大蒜深加工。 “每克高纯度大蒜素的价格高达28,000元,约为目前金价的80倍。它被称为'植物金'。根据含量6%-8%,从50克大蒜。至少可以提取84,000元的蒜氨酸。“周桂芝告诉记者。

研发,种植,收购,冷藏,加工,出口.在大蒜产业链中,Cu口村的村民已经从农民的角色转变为商人。今天,Cuikou Village在美国,加拿大,澳大利亚,日本,新加坡等40多个国家和地区开展业务,并与韩国,东南亚,香港等20多个国家和地区建立了年度业务关系。和澳门,年交易量。 40万吨,交易金额超过5亿元。针对村民经营的67家企业,村庄联合企业,建立了东运集团。崔口还采用“企业+村集体+农民”模式,使集体土地成为股价,村民可以持股,由他人领导。

今天,金乡县每年生产80万吨大蒜,每年储存超过200万吨大蒜。大蒜产品出口到180多个国家和地区,年收入超过5亿美元。金乡大蒜已经拥有全国最大的种植面积,是全国最大的冷藏库,也是全国最大的精深加工产品。品牌价值高达202.58亿元。金乡县还成为国家级出口食品农产品质量安全示范区,国家现代农业示范区,国家绿色食品原料标准化生产基地。